Python vs Golang: The Benefits and The Downsides
Python has been around since 1991, but only today it became extremely popular. In fact, it has been enjoying increasing popularity for 5 years in a row and is now among the most frequently used programming languages. In web development, it is mostly used for backend programming, although it also applies to frontend tasks. Ultimately, the main reason why Python is big on the web-development scene is that it helps developers to solve the pressing demand for agility. It is easy to learn, simple to use and helps accomplish complex goals fast. Python is flexible and has easy syntax.
Golang is now considered to be an alternative to Python, and there is an incessant discussion about Golang web development vs Python. And here is why.
While simplicity is Python’s main advantage, there are also several downsides. Many developers have discovered that while Python may be great for some simple and basic programming, using it gets complicated if to build more complex systems and custom modules. Also, there are often frustrating coding errors. In his Hackernoon.com article 5 Reasons Why We Switched From Python to Go Tigran Bayburstyan says: “Python is great and fun language but sometimes you are just getting unusual exceptions because trying to use a variable as an integer but it turning out that it’s a string”. Go will let you eliminate such issues during compile time.
All in all, Golang web development has proved to be faster than using Python for the same kind of tasks in many use cases. Ultimately, Golang is built for those who want the task accomplished effectively and fast without the need to go into the subtleties of the programming language.
Golang vs Python: Which One Is Better?
So is Golang bound to replace Python in the near future? There’s an ongoing discussion in developers community about the pros and cons of both programming languages. If you are looking for powerful tools for web programming, mobile app development, microservices, and ERP systems – we believe, there are solid reasons why you should switch to Golang:
1) Golang Simplicity
2) Golang compilation capabilities
Not only is Golang a compiled language, it also compiles into a single binary. Golang statically links all its dependency libraries and modules into one binary file. You no longer need to install any dependencies on a server – all you have to do is to upload a compiled file for your app to start working.
3) Golang concurrency and faster performance
Golang concurrency model ensures faster performance (improved since the 2d and 3d versions). To give them justice, most modern programming languages use concurrency, but Golang approaches it in a more resource efficient ways. Instead of resource-demanding Python threads, it uses isolated goroutines, which save the resources of CPU and memory. Ultimately, this approach results in considerably faster performance and helps reduce costs and resources.
4) Golang native support
Golang natively supports the variety of different tools, so you don’t need to search for any third-party libraries to use it. Surely, you can download lots of tools and frameworks if you want (the community around Golang is already numerous), but the most necessary tools are built into the language core. This speeds up the entire Golang web development process and rids you of the need to look for any third party assets.
5) Golang Top-Notch IDE and Debugging
Golang creators have really done a great job in creating a state-of-the-art integrated development environment with advanced debugging tools and plugins. This is arguably the most critical aspect in programming, since IDE can seriously hinder or speed up the development process. Today, when agility is what gives software companies’ competitive edge, great IDE and debugging tools are a serious advantage.