Backend labor market: state and demand
According to Stackoverflow’s recent survey, 55% of all programmers identify themselves as full-stack developers (meaning they cover both front- and backend sides of software they’re working on) or a state they combine a full-stack/backend expertise reflected on their resumes. 20% of all respondents work exclusively on mobile applications, and the rest is distributed between DevOps, system administrators, designers, and other narrow-specification experts. Such uneven distribution of roles on the IT labor market is a demonstration of a recurring trend to save money on the development process at all costs. Company owners who do not possess in-depth understanding on what makes a software product high-quality and what it takes to develop one, tend to view full-stack developers as a more financially beneficial human resource. However, the fact that the same people create user interfaces and the functional side of an application oftentimes negatively affects product quality leading to errors and inaccuracies. In case you’d ever think of choosing full-stack devs over backend ones, we strongly recommend to go for a classic team with divided roles in it.
Most popular backend technologies
As for 2020, the most in-demand technologies ― languages, frameworks, and tools ― for backend development include:
In terms of choosing a particular technology to build a project on, there is no bad or good backend language. As always, it all depends on what are you trying to achieve with your application, what load you want it to handle, how multitasking you want it to be, and what technologies you want to merge together in a single product. Such decisions require day-long negotiations between the software team and C-level executives (with final word usually remaining with chief technical officer or project tech lead). If you aren’t sure about the technical stack of your future project, consider referring to some reputable IT company for a technical consultation.
Backend development rates & salaries
Searching for rates for backend development services, you will most likely discover a wide range from lowest to highest development income. As always, the price you will be offered to pay depends on the collaboration model you prefer, tech stack, location, project complexity and duration, and employee’s qualification. In terms of numbers, PayScale reports that an average annual salary of a US-based backend developer equals $75,000. This doesn’t really match other job-search resources like Glassdoor and Indeed that mentioned $101,000 and $127,000 per year correspondingly. Moving away from the United States, you can find way cheaper deals. Hourly rates for software development services at average correspond to the following numbers: