Security, Technology & Innovation,

TOR: Protecting Your Right for Anonymity

2 m read
Max, test lead
Max, test lead Marketing Manager
October 15, 2015
Share on
Reading Time: 2 minutes

What do you conjure up in mind when you hear Darknet? Illegal weapons, pornography and drugs? Well, in fact, it is not only about it. There is a large part of Darknet which is legal and aims at protecting a person’s right for anonymity first of all. In countries with authoritarian government TOR has been a critical instrument for dissident movements. It has also proven extremely useful for whistleblowers and survivors of crime.

So what is tor?

It was invented by US naval research laboratory to ensure secure data traffic.

Now TOR is a free of charge downloadable software that actually enables creating the Darknet websites that you can only access if you have TOR software installed on your computer. It helps you to stay anonymous while you are on the Internet. TOR prevents other people from tracking your activity back. It helps you as well to anonymously host a web server. These web sites are hosted on the TOR network and are called onion sites. In fact, they have horrible, almost illegible domain names which consist of a random set of numbers and letters and end in ‘onion’.

How it functions?

The TOR network consists of a number of secure proxy servers. In fact, it consists of more than 6 thousand relays. The data traveling within the TOR system are encrypted with the help of HTTPS protocols. TOR encrypts the data, including the destination IP address many times and sends it through randomly chosen TOR relays (proxy servers). You connect your computer to a proxy server and then from the first proxy server you go through a number of other proxy servers and then you go to the Internet. Thus TOR helps you to hide your external web address and your location.

Warnings:

  • Within the TOR network the data are encrypted but the data are not encrypted between you and the first proxy relay and between the exit proxy and the web server (so as soon as you are out, the traffic is not protected anymore and to ensure security you need to use VPN).
  • Don’t use other browsers while using TOR or your connection won’t be protected and secure.
  • TOR doesn’t protect you from security spyware your computer may get infected with in the Internet, so visit only reliable sites.
  • The speed of the Internet differs between proxy servers, so the upload speed may be fluctuating.
Share on
Privacy Preference Center
Your Privacy

When you visit any web site, it may store or retrieve information on your browser, mostly in the form of cookies. This information might be about you, your preferences or your device and is mostly used to make the site work as you expect it to. The information does not usually directly identify you, but it can give you a more personalized web experience. Because we respect your right to privacy, you can choose not to allow some types of cookies. Click on the different category headings to find out more and change our default settings. However, blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience of the site and the services we are able to offer.

Strictly Necessary Cookies Always Active

These cookies are necessary for the website to function and cannot be switched off in our systems. They are usually only set in response to actions made by you which amount to a request for services, such as setting your privacy preferences, logging in or filling in forms.

You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not then work. These cookies do not store any personally identifiable information.

Performance Cookies

These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our site. They help us to know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the site.

All information these cookies collect is aggregated and therefore anonymous. If you do not allow these cookies we will not know when you have visited our site, and will not be able to monitor its performance.

Cookies used

Google Analytics
Functional Cookies

When you visit any web site, it may store or retrieve information on your browser, mostly in the form of cookies. This information might be about you, your preferences or your device and is mostly used to make the site work as you expect it to. The information does not usually directly identify you, but it can give you a more personalized web experience. Because we respect your right to privacy, you can choose not to allow some types of cookies. Click on the different category headings to find out more and change our default settings. However, blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience of the site and the services we are able to offer.

Cookies used

Test Second Test
Targeting Cookies

When you visit any web site, it may store or retrieve information on your browser, mostly in the form of cookies. This information might be about you, your preferences or your device and is mostly used to make the site work as you expect it to. The information does not usually directly identify you, but it can give you a more personalized web experience. Because we respect your right to privacy, you can choose not to allow some types of cookies. Click on the different category headings to find out more and change our default settings. However, blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience of the site and the services we are able to offer.

More Information

When you visit any web site, it may store or retrieve information on your browser, mostly in the form of cookies. This information might be about you, your preferences or your device and is mostly used to make the site work as you expect it to. The information does not usually directly identify you, but it can give you a more personalized web experience. Because we respect your right to privacy, you can choose not to allow some types of cookies. Click on the different category headings to find out more and change our default settings. However, blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience of the site and the services we are able to offer.